(lived in 7th century B.C.). The daughter of Alp
Ar Tuga, the ruler. During her reign the ancient Azerbaijan government of
Nassagets’ strengthened and gained a great victory over Kir who was the
(lived in the second half of 4th century
B.C.). She was noble and wise woman – ruler. The great Azerbaijan poet
Nizami Ganjavi in his poem “Isgandarname” eulogizes her wisdom and courage.
(lived at the end of 6th and the beginning of 7th
century). She was the queen of Albania and had the heiress – Shirin. The
vivid characters of these women were depicted in the poem “ Khosrov and
Shirin” by Nizami Ganjavi.
4. MOMUNA KHATUN (
date of birth is unknown- died in 1175 in
Nakhchivan). The first lady of Atabek’s Government, wife of
Shamsaddin Eldagiz. Prominent stateswoman, played great political
role during the leadership of her husband and sons: Nasreddin Mohammed Jahan
Pahlevan and Mozafereddin Osman Gizil Arslan. The unique mausoleum was
built in honor of this wise and influential woman in Nakhchivan in 1186.
5. MEHRIDJAN KHATUN
(lived in 13th century Nakhichevan).
She was the wife of Uzbek who was the last Khan of the Atabek dynasty. This
valiant woman organized the defense of Tabriz in 1225 and struggled against
the enemies in alliance with the heads of neighboring states.
6. MAHINBANU SULTANUM
KHANUM (14th century). This great woman was the
daughter of Shah Ismail the First the ruler of Sefevids dynasty in
Azerbaijan. She was famous for kindness, strong will and intelligence.
7. ALEYKA KONULDASH
(14th – 15th centuries ). She was the wife of Gara
Yosef who was the ruler of Garagoyunly dynasty in Azerbaijan. Alongside with
her husband she displayed heroism and courage in the battle with enemies,
which took place near Tabriz in 1421.
8. PERIHAN KHANUM
(15th century). She was the second daughter of the Shah Ismail
the First and wife of Khalilullah the ruler of Shirvanshah. She played a
great political role in the life of the government and was a brave and wise
9. SARA KHATUN
(15th century). She was the mother of Uzun Hasan, the ruler of
Aggoyunly government of Azerbaijan. She played a great political and
diplomatic role in the life of the state.
10.HEYRAN NISA BEYIM
(date of birth is unknown – died in 1579 ). She
was the mother of King Abbas the First and Mohammed Khudabendi the rulers of
the Safavid dynasty.She displayed courage and heroism in the battle with the
Crimean Khan and Ottoman rulers.
11. TUTU BIKA
(date of birth unknown – died 1786 in Derbend). She was the fellow - fighter
of her husband, the famous Fatali Khan in his struggle for united
HORRATULEYN TAHIRA (was born in the beginning of
the 19 century – died in 1852 in Tehran). One of the famous leaders of the
popular uprising that broke out in Mazandaran in 1848-1852. She was a
brave, wise, freethinking and beautiful woman. This well educated woman
wrote poems in Turkish, Persian and Arabic. She was executed by Shah’s
GREAT LITERARY WOMEN
13. MESHETI GANJAVI
(was born in 1096 – died in 1160). She was a great Azerbaijan poetess. Her
well-known rubais of classical oriental poetry entered the treasure house of
the World literature. She also was very noble, wise and was invited to the
palaces of such great rulers as Sultan Mohammed, Sultan Mahmud and Sultan
14. AGHABEYIM AGHA
AGHABAJI (was born in 1780 in Shusha – died in
1832 in Iran). She was a poetess, the daughter of Ibrahim Khan (the Karabakh
Khan). She was also very beautiful and wise woman who loved her motherland
very much and dedicated to it many poems, which are considered to be among
the pearls of the Azerbaijani literature.
15. HEYRAN KHANUM
(lived at the end of 18th - in the
beginning 19th century).She was born in the family of the Khan
Kengerly in Nakhchivan. She was a great poetess, successor of Fizuli
literary school. This school is considered to have one of the most profound
and wise philosophical ideologies.
(was born in 1827 – the year of her death is unknown). She was the daughter
of Ehsan Khan, lived in Nakhchivan. She was the author of very beautiful
lyrical poems and also was one of the freethinking women of her time.
17. KHURSHUD BANU
NATAVAN (was born in 1830 – died in 1897 in
Shusha). Natavan was founder and leader of literary houses “Mejlisi
Faramushan” (1870) and “Mejlisi Uns” (1872). The original drawings and
decorative needle works was made by poetess (a prominent French writer
A.Duma, traveling to Caucasus and being on a visit to Natavan took as a gift
her work: the tobacco porch embroidered in beads). She is also well known
for her cultural and charity activity.
18. FATMA KHANUM
KEMINE ( was born in 1840 – died in 1898 in
Shusha). She was the eminent poetess, lived and created in Shusha. She
contributed approximately five hundreds poems to Azerbaijani treasure house
19. MINA KHANUM
TALISHINSKAYA ( lived in the beginning of 20th
century). She was born in aristocratic family. She was the first
woman-enlightener of Azerbaijan a noble woman, the member of Caucasian Woman
20. HAMIDA KHANUM
JAVANSHIR-MAMEDGULUZADEH ( born in 1873 in
Kakhzirli village – died in Baku). The wife of the great Azerbaijani
writer-satirist Jalil Mamedguluzadeh. She was one of the founders of
Caucasian Moslem Women Charitable Society, opened the school in Kakhzirli
village, took an active part in the public life.
21. ZIBA KHANUM GAJAR
- GAIBOVA ( born in 1889 in Tbilisi –died in
1964 in Baku). She was the second daughter of Govar Khanum Ismailova Gajar.
She graduated from the St. Petersburg Patriotic Institute, was very
intelligent and one of the most active women-enlighteners of the Azerbaijan.
22. NIGAR KHANUM
SHIKHLINSKAYA (born in 1870 in Tiflis – died in
1931 Baku). She was the wife of the great Azerbaijani commander-general A.
Shikhlinski. During the First World War she was the chairwoman of Woman
Committee on rendering medical care. She traveled together with her
23. SAKINA KHANUM
AKHUNDZADE ( born in 1865 in Guba – died in 1927
in Baku). She was a teacher and writer. Also she was the first playwright
among Azerbaijani women, organizer of theatrical circle in Russian – Moslem
girl school. Her plays were performed at the beginning of the 20th
century in Azerbaijan stage.
24. KHADIJA KHANUM
ALIBEYOVA (born in 1894 in Tiflis – died in 1961
in Shaki ). She graduated from the Russian gymnasium for girls and then
entered the Caucasian Olginskaya Institute. She was editor in chief of
the first woman magazine “ Ishig” in Azerbaijan issued in 1911 – 1912. Also
she wrote many articles on woman rights and education.
25. GOVHAR KHANIM
GOYARCHIN ( born in 1887 in Tiflis – died in 1960
in Baku ).She was very intelligent woman -enlightener and was the first
professional actress of Azerbaijani theatre.
26. MINA KHANIM MIRZOYEVA
( born in 1892 in Tbilisi – died in 1963, Baku ). She graduated from the
Bestujev Institute in St. Petersburg. She was a prominent public figure of
woman movement in Azerbaijan.
27. GEYSAR KHANUM
KASHIYEVA (born in 1893 in Tiflis – died in 1973
in Baku ). She was the first Azerbaijani woman artist who received special
education. Geysar Khanum finished art school in 1906 in Tbilisi and took an
active part in cultural life of Azerbaijan.
28. KHADIJA KHANUM
GAIBOVA (born in 1893 in Tiflis – died in
1938 in Baku). She was a talented pianist, also the first performer of
Azerbaijani mughams on piano. She was one of the initiators of creating
Musical School in Azerbaijan.
29. SURAYA KHANUM
AGHAOGHLU ( born in 1903 in Shusha – died in 1989
in Istanbul ). She was a prominent public figure, first woman lawyer in the
East and the member of International Women Lawyer’s organization. She
published the magazine for children “Child’s friend” and organized Woman
Society in Turkey.
ASADULLAYEVA (born in 1901in Baku – died in 1985
in Paris). She was a prominent artist, emigrant. Her works of art were
displayed in famous exhibitions of Paris.